Lush green fields, happy farmers, pretty girls dancing and singing to a merry tune are the pictures that come to one’s mind when anyone thinks about this north western state of India. This state shares its national boundary with Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Rajasthan and Jammu & Kashmir. It shares its international boundary with Pakistan. Punjab has an area of 50,362 sq Km. Punjab is the home to many rivers and a vast network of canals which has lead to the successful green revolution in this state. Chandigarh is the capital of Punjab which it shares with Haryana. Chandigarh is also an UT. Punjab is divided into 22 districts.
Punjab is largely plain land and has a belt of Shiwalik hills along the north-eastern part of the state. Punjab has three distinct zones based on its soil types; they are the south eastern, central and eastern. The soil types vary due to the regional climatic difference. The climate of Punjab is extreme climate. It has extreme hot and cold conditions depending on the season.
Punjab has an extremely fertile land and is one of the most fertile regions on earth. It is known as the “Granary of India”. This region is ideal for wheat growing...